• Customs and Beliefs

    Customs and Beliefs

    In the past, and even today, a traditional Vietnamese person would comply with most or all of the following traditions and precepts:     The Family     The family is the basis of society, not the individual...

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  • Coconut candy

    Coconut candy

    Coconut candy most commonly refers to the candy produced in Bến Tre province, Vietnam, made with coconut milk and coconut cream. The Ben Tre Province is nicknamed by Vietnamese as the "Land of Coconut" (Xu Dua). The Vietnamese term for coconut...

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  • Hue Festival

    Hue Festival

    A biennial (once every two years) festival celebrated in the former imperial capital of Hue , the Hue Festival last took place from April 7 to 15, 2012, and the next one is scheduled to occur on April 12 to 20, 2014. The Festival condenses...

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  • Hanoi Night Market

    Hanoi Night Market

    Hanoi night market, also known as Dong Xuan night market, is weekly held on weekend evenings in the Old Quarter of Ha Noi. It’s a very interesting place that all visitors should not miss if they have chance to travel to Hanoi. For many...

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  • Vietnam’s religions

    Vietnam’s religions

    The complex patchwork of belief in Vietnam In Vietnam, little is what it appears to be on the surface. The country’s religion is an excellent example. Ostensibly, Vietnam is a Buddhist country – around 80% of the population regard themselves as adherents. Pagodas are everywhere, and Buddhist festivals are embedded in the calendar. Also evident are temples with large effigies of obviously non-Buddhist deities and historical figures, as well as Christian churches and signs of...
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  • Ancestor worship

    Ancestor worship

    The presence of the dead, the behavior of the living, and an influence on the future - the many generations of the Vietnamese family Ancestor worship was introduced into Vietnam by the Chinese during their long occupation of the country that began 200 years before the birth of Christ. Since then, it has been fully absorbed into the Vietnamese consciousness and, with Confucianism, underpins the country’s religion and social fabric. Ancestor worship is not only the adhesive that binds...
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  • Buddhism


    Buddha was born in Nepal, five centuries before Christ. His teaching was based on Brahmanism but without a deity or ritual. After his death, Buddhism acquired the trappings of a religion and split into two schools. Theravada Buddhism In the south of India, Theravada Buddhism remained close to the Buddha’s teaching and aimed at acquiring ‘Nirvana’ – complete detachment from worldly concerns. Mahayana Buddhism In the north, Mahayana Buddhism incorporated a deity...
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  • Caodaism


    Cao Dai is a 'home-grown' religion based in the South of Vietnam. Its centre of operations is the Cao Dai Holy See, in Tay Ninh, about 100km from Ho Chi Minh City. It is a large complex containing a school, an agricultural co-operative, a hospital and other functional buildings, all dominated by a large and highly ornate temple. The founder of Caodaism The sect was founded by Ngo Van Chieu, a minor civil servant from Phu Quoc Island, who experienced a series of visions revealing the...
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  • Christianity


    Christianity enters Vietnam Christianity was introduced to Vietnam in the 16th century by missionaries from Europe’s main Catholic evangelist countries, France, Spain and Portugal. One of the early arrivals was Alexandre de Rhodes, a French Jesuit who greatly impressed the Trinh lords who ruled the north at that time, thus easing the way for permanent missions in Hanoi, Danang and Hoi An. Expulsion from Vietnam As the creator of the Romanised written form of the Vietnamese language,...
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  • Confucianism


    Confucianism’s originator, K’ung Fu Tzu (Latinised to Confucius), was an official in the Chinese court. During his lifetime (around 500 BC), China had broken into rival states fighting for supremacy. Confucius, comparing the turmoil of the life of the people with the formalised rituals of the court, set about creating a code to regulate social conduct, thereby enabling people to live in peace and harmony. He left the court and travelled the country, explaining his ideas. The...
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  • Others religion

    Others religion

    Hinduism Funan and Oc Eo Much of the early history of the southern part of Vietnam is closely associated with India. During the first century AD, Indian merchants voyaging to China established Hindu outposts en route, one of which was on the southern coast of Vietnam, near the present-day town of Rach Gia. Then known as Funan, it grew into a city state based upon the port of Oc Eo. The History Museum in Ho Chi Minh City has a good collection of artefacts and relicts from the site. By the...
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  • Shamanism


    The shaman A shaman is an intermediary between humankind and the spirit world, occupying a role similar to that of a priest: a religious specialist, possessing the ability to communicate with spirits, to appeal to them to dispel evil, to explain turns of fate, and to transmit the instructions of spirits. He or she usually has healing and magical powers, and can influence the spirits to bring about good and evil. The practice of shamanism There are several elements of shamanism in Taoism....
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  • Taoism


    The glue that binds the elements of the 'tam giao' - the triple religion Taoism is believed to have originated in China with a man named Lao Tzu at around 500 B.C. The legend says that Lao Tzu was so "saddened by his people's disinclination to cultivate the natural goodness he advocated" that he decided to abandon civilization. Before leaving, he wrote a brief work called Tao Te Ching, (The Classic of the Way and its Power) describing the meaning of the Tao (the way, or path)...
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